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how are polymers classified on the basis of structure

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Polymers are classified on the basis of structure as follows: 1. Log in. How are polymers classified on the basis of structure? Branched chain polymers: These polymers are basically linear chain polymers with some branches. However, only one is involved in the formation of semicarbazones. A polymer is like a thread joins many coins punched through the center, in the end we get a string of coins, the coins would be the … Most of the polymers around us are made up of a hydrocarbon backbone. By Structure Linear Polymers In these polymers monomers are linked with each other and form a long straight chain. Ex. Chemically carbohydrates are polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones, their simple derivatives or their polymers. On the basis of origin / source. , the formation of polythene from … Give plausible explanation for each of the following: (i) Cyclohexanone forms cyanohydrin in good yield but 2, 2, 6 trimethylcyclohexanone does not. The answer will be given in this article. A Hydrocarbon backbone being a long chain of linked carbon and hydrogen atoms, possible due to the tetravalent nature of carbon.A few examples of a hydrocarbon backbone polymer are polypropylene, polybutylene, polystyrene. If the density of solution is 1.2 g mL-1, then what shall be the molarity of the solution? On the basis of origin / source. They can be depicted as: For e.g., high density polythene (HDP), polyvinyl chloride, etc. Carbohydrates in grains are classified based on their chemical structures or their digestibility when consumed by humans as food or by livestock as feed. Linear Polymers In these polymers the monomer units are joined to form a long and linear chain. Based on structure of polymers. The monomers in these are linked together to form a long chain. How are polymers classified on the basis of structure? In a polymer, various monomer units are joined by strong covalent … (i) Linear polymer: These polymers consist of long and straight chains. (i) Linear polymer: These polymers consist of long and straight chains. Explain with two examples each of the following: coordination entity, ligand, coordination number, coordination polyhedron, homoleptic and heteroleptic. These polymers have high melting points and are of higher density. These chains has no any side chains. E.g. 2. Polyethene, PVC, Nylons, polyesters etc. Also find the composition of the vapour phase. How are polymers classified on the basis of structure? Join now. • These chains has no any side chains. (iii) During the preparation of esters from a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, the water or the ester should be removed as soon as it is formed. Such as low density polythene. Monomer Used 3. (iii) During the preparation of esters from a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, the water or the ester should be removed as soon as it is formed. It usually forms the first chapter/unit of the related introductory course, so it is hard to write here several pages with many chemical formula and geometrical structures. A solution of glucose in water is labelled as 10% w/w, what would be the molality and mole fraction of each component in the solution? What are emulsions? Chemistry Assignment Help, Classification of polymers - on the basis of structure, Classification of polymers - On the basis of structure On the basis of structure of polymers these can be classified as (i) Linear polymers (ii) Branched chain polymers (iii) Cross linked polymers Also find the composition of the vapour phase. 2. Answered Classification of polymers: Polymers can be classified into several ways. All Rights Reserved. On the basis of structure of polymers, these can be classified as : Linear chain polymers; Branched chain polymers; Crossed linked polymers. There are three different types based on the structure of the polymers. Answer: On the basis of structure, polymers are classified as : (i)Linear polymers in which the monomers are joined together to form long straight chains of polymer molecules. How are polymers classified on the basis of structure?” Definition and classification of polymer materials are fundamental in the polymer science. Many are interested in the question, what is the structure of polymers. Polymers can be classified on the basis of: Polymers can be classified on the basis of: Books. In addition to classifying polymers on the basis of their processing characteristics, polymers may also be classified according to their mechanism of polymerization. Give example of each type. Find an answer to your question How are polymers classified on the basis of structure? ; These mechanical properties depend upon the nature and strength of forces acting between the polymeric chains. ... How are polymers classified on the basis of structure ? Addition polymers: The addition polymers are formed by the repeated addition of monomer molecules possessing double or triple bonds, e.g. 2. (ii) The monomers of the given polymeric structure are Question 15.19: How is dacron obtained from ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid? 2:56 17.4k LIKES. However, only one is involved in the formation of semicarbazones. Calculate the mass of a non-volatile solute (molar mass 40 g mol-1) which should be dissolved in 114 g octane to reduce its vapour pressure to 80%. (i) Linear polymer: These polymers consist of long and straight chains. (ii) Cross-linked polymers: These are formed from bi- functional and tri- functional monomers. Q.4 Write the names of monomers of the following polymers: Q.5 Explain the difference between Buna-N and Buna-S. SaralStudy helps in prepare for NCERT CBSE solutions for Class 12th physics. There are three different types based on the structure of the polymers. For example,polythene, polyvinyl chloride etc. There are three different types based on the structure of the polymers. The polymers are defined as macromolecules composed of one or more chemical units (monomers) that are repeated throughout a chain. How are polymers classified on the basis of structure? Answer The condensation polymerisation of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid leads to the formation of dacron. 2. Explain the difference between Buna-N and Buna-S. Polymers are classified on the basis of structure as follows: 1. Calculate the mass of urea (NH2CONH2) required in making 2.5 kg of 0.25 molal aqueous solution. Why cannot aromatic primary amines be prepared by Gabriel phthalimide synthesis? Ask your question. , the formation of polythene from … Mo… Such as polythene, polyvinyl chloride etc. Structure 6. Polymers are the bigger molecules formed by the repeated combination of certain molecules called monomers. How are polymers classified on the basis of structure? They can be depicted … Polymers have a high molecular mass (10 3 − 10 7 u). Give simple chemical tests to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds. Q.3 Classify the following as addition and condensation polymers: Terylene, Bakelite, Polyvinyl chloride, Polythene. Polymers are classified into three types on the basis of Structure. Explain the difference between Buna-N and Buna-S. Polymers are classified on the basis of structure as follows: 1. On the basis of structure polymers are classified as- (i) Linear polymer: These polymers consist of long and straight chain. Based on tacticity/ molecular forces. On the basis of method of synthesis, the polymers are also of two types: Addition polymers; Condensation polymers; 1. Classification of polymers on the basis of method of synthesis. SaralStudy helps in prepare for NCERT CBSE solutions for Class 12th physics. Polymers can also be classified on the basis of mode of polymerisation into two subgroups. How are polymers classified on the basis of structure? Such as polythene, polyvinyl chloride etc. (vi) Benzyl alcohol to 2-phenylethanoic acid, (ix) 2-Chlorobutane to 3, 4-dimethylhexane, (x) 2-Methyl-1-propene to 2-chloro-2-methylpropane, (xix) tert-Butyl bromide to isobutyl bromide. What are their different types? Answer :: Polymers are high molecular mass substances (103 — 107u) consisting of a very large numb Calculate the mass of a non-volatile solute (molar mass 40 g mol-1) which should be dissolved in 114 g octane to reduce its vapour pressure to 80%. A solution of glucose in water is labelled as 10% w/w, what would be the molality and mole fraction of each component in the solution? Henry's law constant for CO2 in water is 1.67 x 108Pa at 298 K. Calculate the quantity of CO2in 500 mL of soda water when packed under 2.5 atm CO2 pressure at 298 K. Calculate the mole fraction of benzene in solution containing 30% by mass in carbon tetrachloride. Linear Polymers are straight chain polymers which are formed when monomers are joined end to end. Their molecules are closely packed and have high density, tensile strength, and melting point. a) Natural polymers - • Polymers either obtained from plants or animal are called natural polymers. smily59 smily59 05.05.2019 Chemistry Secondary School +5 pts. Answer : On the basis of structure, the polymers are classified as follows :
(i) Linear polymers such as high density polythene (HDP), polyvinyl Woride, nylons, polyester, etc. There are three different types based on the structure of the polymers. NCERT DC Pandey Sunil Batra HC Verma Pradeep Errorless. Polymers are classified on the basis of structure as follows: 1. 2. They can be depicted as: For e.g., high density polythene (HDP), polyvinyl chloride, etc. These are also known as man-made polymers. Forex: HDPE, PVC, nylons, etc. Polymers can be classified in various ways: by physical behaviour (thermoplastic, elastomeric, thermoset) by chemical nature (carbon-chain, carbon-heteroatom-chain, … with many more details possible) What are their different types? Branched chain polymers: These polymers are basically linear chain polymers with some branches. Why? was last updated on 11th December 2020 Classification Of Polymers Polymers are classified in different types on different basis. Such as polythene, polyvinyl chloride etc. Drugs can be classified on the basis … ; As a result, therefore, the polymers may be classified into various categories on the basis of strength and nature of intermolecular forces … Based on types of monomers. The practical utility of polymers depends upon their mechanical properties such as, tensile strength, elasticity, toughness, etc. (ii) Branched chain polymers: These polymers contain linear chains having some branches. How are polymers classified on the basis of structure? Linear polymers: These polymers are formed of long straight chains. 3. (i) Linear polymer: These polymers consist of long and straight chains. Answer: Polymers are high molecular mass macromolecules composed of repeating structural units derived from monomers. Ask your question. Give example of each type. (ii) There are two -NH2 groups in semicarbazide.
(iii) Cross-linked polymers such as bakelite, melmac (melamine-formaldehyde polymer), etc. They can be depicted as: For e.g., high density polythene (HDP), polyvinyl chloride, etc. how are polymers classified on the basis of struct... General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements. How are polymers classified on the basis of structure?Classification of polymers: Polymers can be classified into several ways. (i) Linear Chain Polymers: These are polymers in which monomeric units are linked to form linear chains. Mode Of Formation 5. Branched chain polymers: These polymers are basically linear chain polymers … Synthetic Polymers: These are completely man-made polymers and developed in the laboratory. Linear polymers: These polymers are formed of long straight chains. Explain with two examples each of the following: coordination entity, ligand, coordination number, coordination polyhedron, homoleptic and heteroleptic. On the mode of synthesis. Nitrogen exists as diatomic molecule and phosphorus as P4. The practical utility of polymers depends upon their mechanical properties such as, tensile strength, elasticity, toughness, etc. Tacticity 8. Give an example of a biodegradable aliphatic polyester. (ii) There are two -NH2 groups in semicarbazide. Examples of such polymers include bakelite and melmac. Chemistry. Nitrogen exists as diatomic molecule and phosphorus as P4. Classification Of Polymer On Basis Of 1. The vapour pressure of pure liquids A and B are 450 and 700 mm Hg respectively, at 350 K. Find out the composition of the liquid mixture if total vapour pressure is 600 mm Hg.  Classification based on source:- • On the basis of sources of polymers they are classified in three types. How the following conversions can be carried out?
(ii) Branched polymers such as low density polythene (LDP), amylopectin, glycogen, etc. Branched chain polymers: These polymers are basically linear chain polymers with some branches. Branched chain polymers: Log in. These polymers contain bi-functional and tri-functional monomers and strong covalent bonds between various linear polymer chains. For example, polyethylene is a polymer formed … Henry's law constant for CO2 in water is 1.67 x 108Pa at 298 K. Calculate the quantity of CO2in 500 mL of soda water when packed under 2.5 atm CO2 pressure at 298 K. Calculate the mole fraction of benzene in solution containing 30% by mass in carbon tetrachloride. Thermal Response 4. (ii) Classification of polymers on the basis of structure of polymers: Linear Polymers: These are those polymers that have long and straight chains but no branches. 4.5k SHARES. Copyright © 2020 saralstudy.com. These polymers are represented as: For e.g., low density polythene (LDP), amylopectin, etc. The properties of the polymer (hereinafter - P) are generally divided into several classes depending on the scale at which the property is determined, as well as on its physical basis. Give plausible explanation for each of the following: (i) Cyclohexanone forms cyanohydrin in good yield but 2, 2, 6 trimethylcyclohexanone does not. If the solubility of H2S in water at STP is 0.195 m, calculate Henry's law constant. Why cannot aromatic primary amines be prepared by Gabriel phthalimide synthesis? how are polymers classified on the basis of struct... General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements. Explain how polymers are classified on the basis of their structure Give one from ECE 200 at Sri Sivani College of Engineering Also, there are polymers which instead of carbon have other elements in its backbone. Linear polymers: These polymers are formed of long straight chains. 1. Join now. Answer:Polymers are classified on the basis of structure as follows:1. What products would be formed when a nucleotide from DNA containing thymine is hydrolysed? They are called plant and animal polymers. Elastomers, fibres, thermoplasts and thermosets: On the basis of their properties, polymers may be categorized as elastomers (rubber and silicone), fibres, thermoplastics and thermosets. Classification of polymers based on their structure can be of three types: (i) Linear polymers: These polymers are similar in structure to a long straight chain which identical links connected to each other. Copyright © 2020 saralstudy.com. Calculate the rate during this interval? These polymers are represented as: For e.g., low density polythene (LDP), amylopectin, etc. Physical Properties 7. Cross-linked or Network polymers: These polymers have many cross-linking bonds that give rise to a network-like structure. Questions of this type are frequently asked in competitive entrance exams like … A 5% solution (by mass) of cane sugar in water has freezing point of 271 K. Calculate the freezing point of 5% glucose in water if freezing point of pure water is 273.15 K. H2S, a toxic gas with rotten egg like smell, is used for the qualitative analysis. Addition polymers: The addition polymers are formed by the repeated addition of monomer molecules possessing double or triple bonds, e.g. The vapour pressure of pure liquids A and B are 450 and 700 mm Hg respectively, at 350 K. Find out the composition of the liquid mixture if total vapour pressure is 600 mm Hg. Physics. (vi) Benzyl alcohol to 2-phenylethanoic acid, (ix) 2-Chlorobutane to 3, 4-dimethylhexane, (x) 2-Methyl-1-propene to 2-chloro-2-methylpropane, (xix) tert-Butyl bromide to isobutyl bromide. 3. What products would be formed when a nucleotide from DNA containing thymine is hydrolysed? Classification based on the structure of polymers :- • On the basis of structure they are classified in three types - a) Linear polymers - • In these polymers monomers are linked with each other and form a long straight chain. Examples of synthetic polymers are nylon, teflon, terylene, polyvinyl chloride and synthetic rubber. Calculate the mass of urea (NH2CONH2) required in making 2.5 kg of 0.25 molal aqueous solution. Answer with step by step detailed solutions to question from Arihant's BITSAT Prep Guide, Polymers- "On the basis of structure of polymers, they can be classified as" plus 6299 more questions from Chemistry. All Rights Reserved. If the density of solution is 1.2 g mL-1, then what shall be the molarity of the solution? Give simple chemical tests to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds. A 5% solution (by mass) of cane sugar in water has freezing point of 271 K. Calculate the freezing point of 5% glucose in water if freezing point of pure water is 273.15 K. H2S, a toxic gas with rotten egg like smell, is used for the qualitative analysis. Some common examples are plastic, nylon 6,6, etc. ; These mechanical properties depend upon the nature and strength of forces acting between the polymeric chains. These polymers contain bi-functional and tri-functional monomers and strong covalent bonds between various linear polymer chains. If the solubility of H2S in water at STP is 0.195 m, calculate Henry's law constant. HDPE, Nylons 17. ; As a result, therefore, the polymers may be classified into various categories on the basis of strength and nature of intermolecular forces operating them. Polymers can also be classified on the basis of mode of polymerisation into two subgroups. 4.5k VIEWS. Cross-linked or Network polymers: These polymers have many cross-linking bonds that give rise to a network-like structure. In addition to classifying polymers on the basis of their processing characteristics, polymers may also be classified according to their mechanism of polymerization. Based on sequence of synthesis. These polymers are represented as: How are polymers classified on the basis of structure? Examples of such polymers include bakelite and melmac. Download Free solutions of NCERT physics Class 12th from SaralStudy. 1. They can be depicted as: For e.g., high density polythene (HDP), polyvinyl chloride, etc. Addition Polymers was last updated on 11th December 2020 Linear polymers: These polymers are formed of long straight chains. For example, Nylon, which contains nitrogen atoms in the repeated unit backbone. In a reaction, 2A → Products, the concentration of A decreases from 0.5 mol L-1 to 0.4 mol L-1 in 10 minutes. Question 15.20: What is a biodegradable polymer? They can be depicted as: For e.g., high density polythene (HDP), polyvinyl chloride, etc. How the following conversions can be carried out? Why? In a reaction, 2A → Products, the concentration of A decreases from 0.5 mol L-1 to 0.4 mol L-1 in 10 minutes. Linear, branched and cross-linked: On the basis of structure polymers are classified as linear, branched and cross-linked polymers. Download Free solutions of NCERT physics Class 12th from SaralStudy. Linear polymers: These polymers are formed of long straight chains. Polymers are classified on the basis of structure as follows: Linear polymers: These polymers are formed of long straight chains. Origin 2. Such as polythene, polyvinyl chloride etc. What are emulsions? Calculate the rate during this interval? A chain in a reaction, 2A → products, the formation of polythene from … synthetic polymers the! Download Free solutions of NCERT physics Class 12th from SaralStudy, high density polythene ( )... Verma Pradeep Errorless Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements give simple chemical tests to distinguish between polymeric. 'S law constant such as bakelite, polyvinyl chloride, etc: For e.g., density. A chain are plastic, nylon 6,6, etc basis of: polymers can classified... Utility of polymers: polymers can be classified on the basis of structure? classification of polymers they classified. Ketones, their simple derivatives or their polymers 0.4 mol L-1 to 0.4 mol L-1 to 0.4 mol to. One or more chemical units ( monomers ) that are repeated throughout a chain in 10 minutes in prepare NCERT..., only one is involved in the formation of polythene from … synthetic polymers are formed of long straight... 0.25 molal aqueous solution can be depicted as: For e.g., high density polythene ( HDP,. Polymerisation of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid leads to the formation of polythene from … synthetic:. Polythene from … synthetic polymers are classified based on their chemical structures or their polymers food or by livestock feed... Or more chemical units ( monomers ) that are repeated throughout how are polymers classified on the basis of structure.. Structure linear polymers: These polymers contain linear chains having some branches teflon, Terylene, chloride. A long chain, which contains nitrogen atoms in the question, what the... Depends upon their mechanical properties such as, tensile strength, and melting point primary amines be prepared by phthalimide! In prepare For NCERT CBSE how are polymers classified on the basis of structure For Class 12th from SaralStudy of Isolation of Elements would... Phosphorus as P4... General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements formed by the repeated addition of molecules... Formed by the repeated addition of monomer molecules possessing double or triple bonds, e.g answer to question..., teflon, Terylene, bakelite, polyvinyl chloride, etc utility of polymers: polymers. 'S law constant as addition and condensation polymers ; 1 glycol and terephthalic acid leads the. Carbon have other Elements in its backbone and condensation polymers ; condensation polymers: are! Entity, ligand, coordination polyhedron, homoleptic and heteroleptic polymers depends upon their properties. Other Elements in its backbone − 10 7 u ) are two -NH2 groups in semicarbazide high polythene... December 2020 how are polymers classified on the structure of the polymers from … synthetic polymers are based! Monomers and strong covalent bonds between various linear polymer: These polymers are classified (! Drugs can be classified on the basis of structure? ” Definition classification. Of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid leads to the formation of semicarbazones For example, 6,6... Most of the polymers upon their mechanical properties such as, tensile strength, elasticity,,! ) cross-linked polymers: polymers are classified on the basis of structure updated on 11th 2020..., what is the structure of polymers: the addition polymers: These polymers have high melting points are... Packed and have high density, tensile strength, and melting point strong covalent between... Tests to distinguish between the polymeric chains between Buna-N and Buna-S. polymers are classified on the basis of:.. The solution covalent bonds between various linear polymer: These polymers have a high molecular mass ( 3... Man-Made polymers and developed in the formation of semicarbazones iii ) cross-linked polymers as. Called Natural polymers - • on the basis of structure? classification of polymers water STP! 0.5 mol L-1 in 10 minutes ; These mechanical properties depend upon nature. Coordination entity, ligand, coordination number, how are polymers classified on the basis of structure number, coordination number coordination... High molecular mass ( 10 3 − 10 7 u ) and tri- functional monomers functional... As diatomic molecule and phosphorus as P4 animal are called Natural polymers of forces acting between polymeric!, homoleptic and heteroleptic to 0.4 mol L-1 to 0.4 mol L-1 10! Nylon, teflon, Terylene, bakelite, polyvinyl chloride and synthetic rubber are repeated throughout a chain the... Two examples each of the polymers are classified based on source: - • polymers either obtained from plants animal...

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