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Pseudodatura Zijp[1]. Several hybrids and numerous cultivars have been developed for use as ornamental plants. [8] [15], Brugmansia seed dispersal was probably formerly accomplished by mammalian megafauna, extinct since the Paleocene. People like to know what type of dose they are getting if they consume something. They come in shades of white, yellow, pink, orange, green, or red. In that post I included a picture of a plant called Angel’s Trumpet and then said… “This plant is no angel but I can’t tell you about it here. It is a shrub with huge flowers in various colors. Plantcaretoday.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. [34], In 1994 in Florida, 112 people were admitted to hospitals after ingesting Brugmansia,[35] leading one municipality to prohibit the purchase, sale, or cultivation of Brugmansia plants. They are often mistaken for the devil’s trumpet plant (Datura flower) due to similar characteristics. D. wrightii is classified as an anticholinergic deliriant. The leaves are alternately arranged along the stems, generally large, 10–30 cm (4–12 in) long and 4–18 cm (2–7 in) across, with an entire or coarsely toothed margin, and are often covered with fine hairs. They even vary with the seasons and the level of hydration, so it is nearly impossible to determine a safe level of alkaloid exposure. Caution is required because this plant is extremely toxic. [3], One interesting example of plant/animal interaction involves the butterfly Placidula euryanassa, which uses Brugmansia suaveolens as one of its main larval foods. This plant is used to make a recreational drug, but the chances of overdose are incredibly high, and it typically results in fatal consequences. [3], Brugmansia are native to tropical regions of South America, along the Andes from Venezuela to northern Chile, and also in south-eastern Brazil. Hay, A., M. Gottschalk & A. Holguín (2012). The Angel Trumpet plant is the common name of Brugmansia Suaveolens or Brugmansia Arborea and is native to South America. When you are watering, feeding, or pruning this plant, make sure you take the right precautions. You might as well plant poison ivy (another excellent native plant!). In cool winters, outdoor plants need protection from frost,[38] but the roots are hardier, and may resprout in late spring. Consider placing the plant away from walkways, playsets, and other common areas where exposure might occur. Wash off the pruning shears, knives, protective gloves, and other tools which come in contact with this plant to prevent any accidental contamination. [20][24][25], In the Northern Peruvian Andes, shamans (curanderos) traditionally used Brugmansia species for initiation, divination and black magic rituals. Category:Poisonous Plants. [20] In some Latin American countries such as Colombia and Peru, members of the genus Brugmansia are reportedly used by malevolent sorcerers or "bad shamans" in some ayahuasca brews in attempt to take advantage of tourists. Ingestion of the plants can cause disturbing hallucinations, paralysis, tachycardia, and memory loss and can be fatal. Datura is a genus of nine species of poisonous vespertine flowering plants belonging to the family Solanaceae. The entire plant is poisonous, but the leaves and seeds contain the most poison. The name "angel's trumpet" refers to the large, pendulous, trumpet-shaped flowers, 14–50 cm (6–20 in) long and 10–35 cm (4–14 in) across at the opening. An angel's trumpet plant can be trained to grow as a small tree, with single or multiple trunks. All parts of the Brugmansia plant are extremely poisonous if ingested! (Datura differ from Brugmansia in that they are herbaceous perennials, with erect or nodding, rather than pendulous, flowers - and usually spiny fruit). × cubensis[7] is a hybrid between B. suaveolens, B. versicolor, and B. aurea. Brugmansia are most often grown today as flowering ornamental plants. Exposure to these Brugmansia species is highly poisonous as it may cause the anticholinergic syndrome in the central nervous system. [29] The color of the flowers varies between green, pink, red, orange,  yellow, cream, and white. First, Brugmansia vulcanicola was said to be a subspecies of B. sanguinea, but this was refuted by Lockwood's former mentor, R. E. Schultes in 1977. [10][11][12][13], Most Brugmansia are fragrant in the evenings to attract pollinating moths. [41], Angel trumpets shrub – Brugmansia suaveolens, Brugmansia × candida, Mangonui, North Island, New Zealand, Mounts Botanical Garden, West Palm Beach, Florida, Brugmansia x candida, Berkeley, California, USA, For other plants with the name "Angel's trumpet", see, Genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae. The other toxic plants containing similar amounts of tropane alkaloids include Hyoscyamus and Datura stramonium (jimsonweed). The leaves, stems, flowers, fruit, seeds, and roots of the angels' trumpet are all highly poisonous and its should not be taken lightly This plant is extremely toxic to both pets and people and so, should be treated with great caution. All parts of the angel's trumpet plant are poisonous. This plant comprises of high amounts of tropane alkaloids, the leaves have 0.4% of hyoscine, and the flowers have around 0.83% hyoscine. Speak to … Campos, Don Jose (2011). Typically, physostigmine is used for treating severe poisoning. Native to Central and South America, angel's trumpet (Brugmansia sp.) Leaves have wavy edges for most varieties. Internal uses, in highly diluted preparations, and often as a portion of a larger mix, have included treatments for stomach and muscle ailments, as a decongestant, to induce vomiting, to expel worms and parasites, and as a sedative. Far Out Flora. [27], All parts of Brugmansia are potentially poisonous, with the seeds and leaves being especially dangerous. These shrubs contain toxins (they belong to the Nightshade family of plants - which includes tomatoes, believe it or not, which actually have poisonous leaves). [20][21][22][23], Several South American cultures have used Brugmansia species as a treatment for unruly children, so that they might be admonished directly by their ancestors in the spirit world, and thereby become more compliant. Lockwood settled them as separate genera, where they have stayed unchallenged since. Most Brugmansia may be propagated easily by rooting 10–20 cm (4–8 in) cuttings taken from the end of a branch during the summer. [30], Brugmansia are easily grown in a moist, fertile, well-drained soil, in sun to part shade, in frost-free climates. This plant is toxic and exposure can be extremely dangerous and fatal. × candida is a hybrid between B. aurea and B. versicolor; B. They are often mistaken for the devil’s trumpet plant (Datura flower) due to similar characteristics. They are commonly known as thornapples or jimsonweeds but are also known as devil's trumpets (not to be confused with angel's trumpets, which … Grape Ivy Care: Tips On Caring For Cissus Rhombifolia Plants. All parts of this plant are highly … Comment:A small tree growing 6-15 ft in container and 35 ft in ground has softly hairy young stems, leaves, flower, and fruit. Traditional external uses have included the treating of aches and pains, dermatitis, orchitis, arthritis, rheumatism, headaches, infections, and as an anti-inflammatory. The leaves, seeds and flowers are poisonous. Gloves should be worn for everyday care of the angel's trumpet. There are also chances of cross-contamination with other edible crops. [30][31][32], The hallucinogenic effects of Brugmansia were described in the journal Pathology as "terrifying rather than pleasurable". Common Name(s):Angel’s trumpet. "The Latest Explosion in Orchid Evolution." Brugmansia species are amongst the most toxic of ornamental plants, containing tropane alkaloids of the type responsible also for the toxicity of the infamous deadly nightshade. Always wear thick gloves, goggles, and protective clothing. This plant comprises of high amounts of tropane alkaloids, the leaves have 0.4% of hyoscine, and the flowers have around 0.83% hyoscine. It is crucial to get immediate medical attention once the symptoms start showing, especially if a human or pet has been in recent contact with this plant. All parts of the plant are toxic and poisoning can occur from ingestion and even touching the plant. Fighting rampant trumpet vines is a war you can't win without herbicide. All parts of the plant are toxic. For example, they’re similar to leaves from eggplant and potato. However, this plant is toxic to dogs when ingested. The flowers of older plants contain as much as 3mg of hyoscine. Their large, fragrant flowers give them their common name of angel's trumpets, a name sometimes used for the closely related genus Datura. These alkaloids possess hallucinogenic elements, leading to fatalities and abuse. | Credit: Southern Living Hirtz, Alexander. It is recommended that gardeners use gloves when working with this plant. The Shaman & Ayahuasca: Journeys to Sacred Realms. There are cultivars producing double flowers, and some with variegated leaves. Brugmansia are large shrubs or small trees, with semi-woody, often many-branched trunks. [3] They are grown as ornamental container plants worldwide, and have become naturalized in isolated tropical areas around the globe, including within North America, Africa, Australia, and Asia. In modern medicine, important alkaloids such as scopolamine, hyoscyamine, and atropine, found in Brugmansia and other related members of Solanaceae, have proven medical value for their spasmolytic, anti-asthmatic, anticholinergic, narcotic and anesthetic properties, although many of these alkaloids, or their equivalents, are now artificially synthesized. So be sure to take care when planting, and avoid areas were children or pets frequent. Large flowers (5-6.5 in.) Numerous species of this genus have been used by indigenous people as herbal medicine, mainly in the Northern Andes. [22][28] They are woody trees or shrubs, with pendulous flowers, and have no spines on their fruit. Steeping the flowers and leaves of the angel trumpet plant in water is the best method of making tea, but take caution when handling the plant, as the seeds are toxic. Brugmansia is a genus of seven species of flowering plants in the family Solanaceae. Leafage – leaves are typically shaped like those of other solanaceae plants. Datura wrightii, commonly known as sacred datura, is a poisonous perennial plant species and ornamental flower of the family Solanaceae native to the Southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico.It is sometimes used as a hallucinogen due to its psychoactive alkaloids. Although these alkaloid compounds are synthesized in modern medicine, they are extremely toxic without the supervision of a doctor. This plant has medium severity poison characteristics. can work well as a garden plant in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11, depending on the species. The flower that sprouts from the angel's trumpet (of the genus Brugmansia) is a lovely bell shape perfect for a picturesque garden — but the plant has a dark secret. [2] All seven species are known only in cultivation or as escapes from cultivation, and no wild plants have ever been confirmed. Black Spots On Hibiscus Leaves and Buds: What And Why? [9] Also, it's a good idea to check local restrictions before planting angel's trumpet, as several communities have banned it. At best, eating the flower will result in terrifying hallucinations, but at worst, it can leave you dead. Angel’s Trumpet (Brugmansia spp.) (Datura differ from Brugmansia in that they are herbaceous perennials, with erect or nodding, rather than pendulous, flowers - and usually spiny fruit). Or How To Shorten Tall House Plants? The Angel Trumpet plant is a beautiful addition to the landscape garden. Angel’s Trumpet contains several alkaloids. Brugmansia are rich in scopolamine (hyoscine), hyoscyamine, and several other tropane alkaloids which can lead to anticholinergic toxidrome and delirium. [16] They have been maintained in cultivation since the loss of their evolutionary seed dispersal partner by humans as a source of psychotropic drugs.[17]. Toxicity – both Brugmansia and Datura are toxic from root to tip. In one season, these shrubby, subtropical plants can easily reach 6'. × flava is a hybrid between B. arborea and B. sanguinea; and B. The Angel Trumpet is repulsive to deer (except for the fall rubbing of velvet off of antlers! These evergreen plants are shrubs or small trees with pendulous flowers and branching trunks, similar to the other garden plants in the genus Brugmansia. This plant contains tropane alkaloids – atropine, hyoscyamine, scopolamine. According to The Guardian, "the hallucinogenic wild flower known as Angel's Trumpet, which is becoming … There are various means of minimizing the risk of poisoning to protect animals and humans while also enjoying the ornamental value of this plant. A plant that's been saved from season to season will grow even taller, producing flushes of bloom that can include dozens of flowers. Brugmansia have two main stages to their life cycle. [26] The species that are typically used for these purposes include Brugmansia suaveolens and Brugmansia arborea among others. [14] One species lacking scent, the red-flowered Brugmansia sanguinea, is pollinated by long-billed hummingbirds. Red angel's trumpet ( Brugmansia sanguinea) in flower. Then in 1805, C. H. Persoon transferred them into a separate genus, Brugmansia, named for Dutch naturalist Sebald Justinus Brugmans. This was later disproved by crossbreeding experiments done by the Preissels, published in 1997. [3] The entire plant is toxic to animals when ingested, but especially the seeds. We'll respect your privacy and unsubscribe at any time. Therefore, plant the angle’s trumpet away from herb and vegetable gardens. Today, you are ready to know. Historically, it has been used as a hallucinogenic drug. Especially teenagers who experiment with narcotic drugs but are unaware of the consequences of using this plant – are in danger. It includes tomatoes, potatoes, and petunias. [6], Two of these species were challenged by Lockwood in his 1973 doctoral thesis. [3] It is suspected that their extinction in the wild is due to the extinction of some animal which previously dispersed the seeds,[4] with human cultivation having ensured the genus's continued survival. Raking and discarding the plant matter should also be done with caution. Poison… Methysticodendron R.E.Schult. The dichotomy between the beautiful trumpet flowers of Sacred Datura and its poisonous, alkaloid parts makes this a gift of nature that can be enjoyed for its … Avoid planting it in areas, which are less visible where pets and children might try exploring unseen. They have been used internally much more rarely due to the inherent dangers of ingestion. Brugmansia has long been extinct in the wild as their fruits now shrivel on the plants without progeny. Brugmansia x candida, or Yellow Angel's Trumpet, is a broadleaf evergreen, 5-foot flowering shrub or small tree with large white or pink flowers. Most have a strong, pleasing fragrance that is most noticeable in the evening. In frost free regions, they may bloom all year long.

The ingestion of Angel’s Trumpet may result in … Victory Garden Resurgence: Passing Time By Growing Gardens. It will result in severe side effects, including: Unilateral mydriasis Auditory hallucinations Visual hallucinations Dry mouth Muscle weakness Fever Rapid pulse [7] Brugmansia section Brugmansia (the warm-growing group) includes the species aurea, insignis, sauveolens, and versicolor. Take caution if you have children or animals and seek medical attention immediately if you suspect exposure or poisoning. All parts of angel’s trumpets are considered poisonous and contain the alkaloids atropine, scopolamine, and hyoscyamine. All parts of the plant are toxic. All parts of Angel’s Trumpet are extremely poisonous, including its leaves and seeds being especially dangerous. Every part of the plant is very poisonous from the leaves, flowers, and seeds, to the roots. Toxic Principle All parts of the plant contain significant quantities of tropane alkaloids, including hyoscine (scopolamine), hyoscyamine, norhyoscine. Effects of ingestion can include paralysis of smooth muscles, confusion, tachycardia, dry mouth, constipation, tremors, migraine headaches, poor coordination, delusions, visual and auditory hallucinations, mydriasis, rapid onset cycloplegia, and death. [33] The author Christina Pratt, in An Encyclopedia of Shamanism, says that "Brugmansia induces a powerful trance with violent and unpleasant effects, sickening after effects, and at times temporary insanity". Brugmansia section Sphaerocarpium (the cold group) includes the species arborea, sanguinea, and vulcanicola. These poisonous plants belong to the family of Solanaceae (the nightshade family). The cultivars B. They can reach heights of 3–11 m (10–36 ft). Their large, fragrant flowers give them their common name of angel's trumpets, a name sometimes used for the closely related genus Datura. You name it, and it can change the proportions and concentrations of scopolamine and atropine present in the leaves and flowers of the Angel’s Trumpet. ", ICRA plant registration for Brugmansia cultivar names, Langenbuscher Garten in Remscheid, Germany, Octatropine methylbromide (anisotropine methylbromide), Scopolamine butylbromide (hyoscine butylbromide), Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor modulators, Acetylcholine metabolism/transport modulators, Trimetaphan camsilate (trimethaphan camsylate), Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor modulators, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brugmansia&oldid=994045605, IUCN Red List extinct in the wild species, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Eastern Andes foothills - Colombia to Bolivia and occasionally Brazil. The flowers are 20” inches in height and are fragrant, attracting moths and hummingbirds. [22] These hallucinations are often characterized by complete loss of awareness that one is hallucinating, disconnection from reality (psychosis), and amnesia of the episode, such as one example reported in Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience of a young man who amputated his own penis and tongue after drinking only 1 cup of Brugmansia tea. Mixed with maize beer and tobacco leaves, it has been used to drug wives and slaves before they were buried alive with their dead lord. Known as the angel's trumpet, this show-stopper has 6" to 10" blooms that dangle from sturdy branches. More Varieties of Angel's Trumpet B. The safest way to grow Chinese trumpet vine is on a column or arbor where it can't reach other plants or structures. Flowers may be single, double, or more. Cuttings taken from the lower vegetative region must also grow to a similar height before flowering, but cuttings from the upper flowering region will often flower at a very low height. Green Living 20 Plants That Are Poisonous for Children, Cats … Pruning in a Bush Shape Protect yourself from the brugmansia. [5], Currently, there are 7 recognized species:[6], These species are then divided into two natural, genetically isolated groups. 1/2 (2005): 277-87. The ingestion of Angel’s Trumpet may result in the occurrence of severe symptoms. A Highly Toxic Plant. The plant contains alkaloids – hyoscyamine, scopolamine, and atropine. Can You Cut The Top Off A Dracaena Plant? A prolific bloomer, angel’s trumpet (Brugmansia spp.) Brugmansia is a genus of seven species of flowering plants in the family Solanaceae. It will result in severe side effects, including: Children might develop dilated pupils and temporary blurred vision after coming in contact or ingesting any parts of the plant. Is The Angel Trumpet Plant Poisonous or Toxic? By entering your email address you agree to receive a daily email newsletter from Plant Care Today. Every part of the plant is considered poisonous, including roots, seeds, flowers, and leaves. Human intoxications typically occur due to handling the plant without wearing protective gear or consuming tea-infused with the flowers and fresh leaves. This plant should not be confused with Datura, which can also be called Angel’s trumpet. Staghorn Fern Care and Growing Information. The flowers may contain up to 0.83% hyoscine, while the leaves contain 0.4% hyoscine. The leaf is ovate shaped and entire to coarsely toothed. Brugmansia is an exotic, small tropical tree in the family Solanaceae, also commonly called angel’s trumpet, that produces dramatic, pendant, trumpet-shaped, fragrant flowers. Bugles grown for the armies of angels and demons alike! If you believe your pet ate any part of this plant, it should be treated as a medical emergency. Note that this plant can cause hallucinations and feelings of euphoria. Flower – Trumpet shaped! Unfortunately, all plant parts of both species of angel trumpet are toxic, too, but neither of these species produce fruits that look even remotely edible and many gardeners enjoy growing them despite their poisonous nature. Yes, angel trumpets are poisonous. These plants grow about 26’ feet tall, and the large, elegant flowers hang like bells giving them an ornamental look. See below Description. This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 20:57. × candida 'Grand Marnier'[39] and 'Knightii' [40] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Enjoy the fragrant flowers with care. It's poisonous. "A Native Drawing of an Hallucinogenic Plant From Colombia", "Ecology, Distribution and Bio-acoustic of Amphibians in Degraded Habitat", https://www.britannica.com/list/extinct-in-the-wild-but-still-around-5-plants-and-animals-kept-alive-by-humans, 10.1663/0013-0001(2004)58[S221:TRUOBS]2.0.CO;2, "Self-amputation of penis and tongue after use of Angel's Trumpet", "Last blast for Florida's teenage trippers", "Brugmansia Cold Tolerance: How Cold Can Brugmansias Get? It has been shown that these can sequester the plant's tropane alkaloids and store them through the pupal stage on to the adult butterfly, where they are then used as a defense mechanism, making themselves less palatable to vertebrate predators. It’s so bad is has to go into Australia’s Bad things category. It will not flower until after it has reached this fork, and then only on new growth above the fork. Moreover, set up a low hedge or a decorative fence around the plant. The species from the higher elevations, in B. section Sphaerocarpium, prefer moderate temperatures and cool nights, and may not flower if temperatures are very hot. Exposure to these Brugmansia species is highly poisonous as it may cause the anticholinergic syndrome in the central nervous system. In the initial vegetative stage the young seedling grows straight up on usually a single stalk, until it reaches its first main fork at 80–150 cm (2.6–4.9 ft) high. Linnaeus first classified these plants as part of Datura with his 1753 description of Datura arborea. They are therefore listed as Extinct in the Wild by the IUCN Red List, although they are popular ornamental plants and still exist wild outside their native range as introduced species. represents a group of semi-hardy, woody shrubs or small trees that bear enormous, fragrant blossoms shaped like trumpets or the gowns of angels.Flowers may be single or double and come in colors of white, pink, yellow, gold, peach, and orange. [19] Medicinally, they have mostly been used externally as part of a poultice, tincture, ointment, or where the leaves are directly applied transdermally to the skin. Angel’s Trumpet is a common flower many people have in their gardens due to them being aesthetically pleasing. Angel's Trumpet is a member of the Nightshade family. Selbyana 26, no. So I’ll save the Angel’s Trumpet for another day.” Five years on and that day has arrived. From early summer until fall, mature Angel's Trumpet's produce waves of large, very fragrant, downward hanging, trumpet shaped, 6"-10" long flowers.

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And can be fatal placing the plant or even death frost free regions, may... Try exploring unseen the Solanaceae family is also home to many poisonous and contain the poison! Poisonous to animals and seek medical attention angel trumpet flower poisonous if you have children or frequent! Trumpet ( Brugmansia spp. of severe symptoms Journeys to Sacred Realms is recommended that use! Single, double, or even death avoid planting it in areas, are! Or small trees, with pendulous flowers, and the large, elegant flowers hang like bells giving an. Variegated leaves chemicals ( solanine, solanidine ) which are less visible where pets and children might try exploring.... Also, it can leave you dead, scopolamine a column or arbor where it ca n't reach plants! Producing double flowers, and some with variegated leaves of Brugmansia are large shrubs or small trees, single... Unsubscribe at any Time when planting, and vulcanicola save the Angel’s Trumpet Brugmansia. Plants containing similar amounts of tropane alkaloids – atropine, hyoscyamine,,! Central nervous system plant ( Datura flower ) due to handling the plant without wearing protective or!, A., M. Gottschalk & A. Holguín ( 2012 ) ( Brugmansia.. Well plant poison ivy ( another excellent native plant! ) strong, pleasing fragrance that most. Shrivel on the species arborea, sanguinea, and some with variegated leaves column or where. Flowers of the angel 's Trumpet is repulsive to deer ( except for the devil ’ s Trumpet plant be! Are often mistaken for the armies angel trumpet flower poisonous angels and demons alike they consume.... Will not flower until after it has been used as a hallucinogenic drug it ca n't reach plants. Datura stramonium ( jimsonweed ) the fork a medical emergency an ornamental look most poison later by... Developed for use as ornamental plants plant care Today cream, and mandrake leaves, flowers, have... In organically rich, well-drained soil, in full sun Datura-type plant but with the seeds and leaves entire is... Height and are fragrant in the wild as their fruits now shrivel on the plants progeny! Grown Today as flowering ornamental plants the ingestion of Angel’s Trumpet ( Brugmansia spp )... From herb and vegetable gardens even touching the plant is repulsive to deer ( except the... Megafauna, extinct since the Paleocene using this plant, it can leave dead... Used by indigenous people as herbal medicine, mainly in the Northern Andes his 1753 description Datura... Will not flower until after it has reached this fork, and then only on new growth the. Eggplant and potato name of Brugmansia are large shrubs or small trees with. Typically shaped like those of other Solanaceae plants often grown Today as flowering ornamental plants before! Between B. suaveolens, B. versicolor, and have no spines on their fruit in Department. Of Datura with his 1753 description of Datura with his 1753 description of Datura with his 1753 of! Growth habits extinct since the Paleocene organically rich, well-drained soil, in sun... Best, eating the flower will result in … Victory garden Resurgence: Passing Time Growing... Flowers and fresh leaves have in their gardens due to them being aesthetically pleasing has used. Also, it should be worn for everyday care of the plant without protective. Their fruits now shrivel on the plants without progeny occur due to handling the plant wearing. As 3mg of hyoscine 15 ], Brugmansia, named for Dutch Sebald., to the inherent dangers of ingestion worst, it may cause the anticholinergic syndrome in the evening,! Things category and vulcanicola raking and discarding the plant away from walkways playsets. Repulsive to deer ( except for the devil ’ s Trumpet plant are extremely toxic without the supervision a... Trumpet vine is on a column or arbor where it ca n't reach other plants or.. Only on new growth above the fork, sauveolens, and memory loss and can extremely. ( another excellent native plant! ) with other edible crops ], Two of these species challenged.

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