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Below it lie successively older strata of alternating clays and sandstones laid down in the Lower Cretaceous, namely Upper Greensand, Gault Clay, Lower Greensand, Weald Clay and the Hastings Beds. It's a place of some historic note having been converted to a pub from a 16th century building. Known as ragstone, this is seen in many local buildings. Greensand Way in Kent, 1992, Kent Count Council, Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, "NCA Profile:120 Wealden Greensand (NE465)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Greensand_Ridge&oldid=995929480, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 17:01. We also sell hand sanitiser in retail and bulk supply. The Greensand Ridge is a distinctive island of significantly wooded sands and sandstone rising prominently above the surrounding clay vales. Greensand Ridge specialises in Gin, Fruit Brandies and Rums, making spirits with a local influence, using sustainable practices and turning produce from local growers into fine spirits. The Greensand Ridge Walk is Bedfordshire's premier long distance walk. The winter edition of our quarterly news bulletin is now available to view. Broadly speaking, the Greensand Ridge runs along the northern edge of the Weald in a west-east arc from Surrey into Kent, just south of and parallel to the chalk escarpment of the North Downs. Greensand ridge, Bedfordshire This ridge of sand-stone, known as the Lower Greensand, lies north of the Chiltern Hills. Responsible dog owners are welcome at Rushmere Country Park within designated areas - both on and off the lead. If you have a transport need, please email [email protected]… https://t.co/FoJXPncyul, RT @greensandsocial: Have you visited our new website yet? Whether you would like to try mountain biking or just want to walk the dog you'll find it all here. The Greensand Ridge, also known as the Wealden Greensand[1] is an extensive, prominent, often wooded, mixed greensand/sandstone escarpment in south-east England. The route passes through or close to Godalming, Cranleigh, Dorking, Reigate, South Nutfield, Oxted, Westerham, Sevenoaks, Maidstone and Ashford. Greensand Ridge Walk, Ampthill: Address, Greensand Ridge Walk Reviews: 4.5/5. The Stone Jug is located on the route in the village of Clophill and a fine place to stop for a break and something to eat. Walked the section from Woburn to Eversholt (circular walk of 8 miles). It then flattens for several miles, before re-emerging east of Nutfield to run eastwards as a high wooded ridge into an area between Oxted and Sevenoaks known locally as the Chartlands, where it reaches another high point at Toys Hill, Kent (235 metres (771 ft)). Much of the Greensand Ridge in Surrey is one limb of the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty while a section of the Greensand hills in western Kent, from Limpsfield Chart near Westerham through Sevenoaks to Plaxtol, forms part of the Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, where it is known as the Sevenoaks Greensand Ridge. Greensand sandstone is unique in the area with its content including an iron bearing mineral causing a green tint. The top-most and therefore youngest layer of the dome is Chalk, laid down in the Upper Cretaceous. The Greensand Ridge, also known as the Wealden Greensand is an extensive, prominent, often wooded, mixed greensand/sandstone escarpment in south-east England. The ridge then continues as far as Pluckley, Kent. Christopher Somerville. The Greensand Ridge Walk is a 40-mile long route that crosses Bedfordshire. The Lower Greensand is a predominantly arenaceous sandstone consisting of sediment that accumulated apparently in a shallow sea in the later part of the Lower Cretaceous. Welcome to the original and only web guide to the Greensand Ridge Walk in Bedfordshire. Ampthill Park has a bit of everything - tremendous views from The Greensand Ridge, a fascinating heritage from Henry VIII to Capability Brown, and a diverse collection of flora and fauna. The very resistant rocks of the Lower Greensand, in particular the Hythe Beds, have produced prominent escarpments that form an arc around the northern edge of the Low Weald, running parallel to and just south of the chalk escarpment of the North Downs. Registered in England: 3702419, Registered address: The Greensand Trust, The Working Woodlands Centre, Maulden Wood, Haynes West End, Bedfordshire, MK45 3UZ, Rushmere Country Park celebrates first Green Flag Award. The Greensand Ridge is bounded to the north by lowland plains made of older soft Jurassic (166-157 Mya) clays and to the south by Gault clays of younger Cretaceous (112-100 Mya) age. [1] [2] In 2009, the Greensand Ridge Local Action Group was formed to help enhance and develop the Greensand Ridge area. It reaches its highest elevation, 294 metres (965 ft), at Leith Hill in Surrey—the second highest point in south-east England, while another hill in its range, Blackdown, is the highest point in Sussex at 280 metres (919 ft). anticline) and then deformed and faulted. A 40 mile long footpath runs along the ridge, with … As 2020 comes to an end, we'd like to acknowledge how delighted we are to have been able to provide a safe environment to support our local and wider community’s health and wellbeing needs throughout the difficult times of this year. Hills on the Greensand Ridge at least 200 metres high and with 30 metres or more of topographical prominence are here listed, along the range from west to east. For Greensand Ridge in Bedfordshire, see Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge. The ridge is separated by a mixed deep and shallow, fertile depression from the North Downs referred to as the 'Vale of Holmesdale', formed on Gault Clay, and a narrow band of Upper Greensand that outcrops at the foot of the chalk scarp (ridge). Here in Bedfordshire the Lower Greensand Formation forming Greensand Country is known as the Woburn Sands. Forming part of the Weald, a former dense forest in Sussex, Surrey and Kent, it runs to and from the East Sussex coast, wrapping around the High Weald and Low Weald. The Jutes and Saxons who settled in south-east England in the centuries following the collapse of the Roman empire applied the term Weald (a Germanic term for woodland) to the very large, heavily wooded forest that they found lying inland of the coastal lands and river valleys that they initially settled. The Greensand Ridge Local Action Group (LAG), managed by Bedfordshire Rural Communities Charity (BRCC), was awarded £1.443m LEADER funding to invest in local projects between 2015 and 2020. The Greensand Ridge is sometimes associated with the Weald; the ridge forms the high border of area of the Weald. The south-west part of the Greensand ridge and hills is in the South Downs National Park. Chert, ironstone and calcareous deposits occur in small amounts. The eastern end of the ridge forms the northern boundary of Romney Marsh. Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge is an escarpment which runs through Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, and Cambridgeshire in the south and east of England. The area’s unique landscape and geology results in a place of rich natural and cultural heritage. From its southern endpoint at Leighton Buzzard the route runs north-west to Gamlingay, following the Greensand Ridge, a distinctive feature that rises from surrounding clay vales to give a landscape of gently rolling hills and small valleys, often heavily wooded and rich in wildlife. The seam, which lies about 20 to 30 feet below the surface between Nutfield and Bletchingley, was considered the best in the country and for several centuries large quantities were excavated. West of the Weald the Lower Greensand has produced a more extensive area of hills and valleys, including the highest point in Sussex, Blackdown. Find out about hidden local gems, beautiful walking trails and cycle paths al… https://t.co/F23L1Fo6eI, @greensandsocial one for you - thanks! About. [4], The Lower Greensand is composed of alternating mudstones (sandy, with clay particles such as smectite) and sandstones, up to a maximum thickness of about 400 metres (1,300 ft), and is composed of a number of distinct formations, namely the Folkestone Beds, Sandgate Beds, Bargate Beds, Hythe Beds and Atherfield Clay. Greensand Country covers 40 miles of scenic landscape, which is defined by the Greensand Ridge and reaches three neighbouring counties: from Cambridgeshire in the East, across Bedfordshire and to Buckinghamshire in the West. Our area is full of great places to visit and things to do and see. The varied geology of the Ridge has created a distinctive mosaic of habitats and land uses. A pathway runs along the ridge from Leighton Buzzard to Gamlingay. Please park at Rushmere main entrance Linslade Road OPEN 9am - 5.30pm daily (final entry at 5pm). SP915251 - Linslade, Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire Finish: TL226533 - Gamlingay, Cambridgeshire Web Sites: Central Bedfordshire Council - Greensand Ridge Walk Greensand Ridge Walk - … The Greensand Ridge is an extensive, prominent, often wooded, mixed greensand / sandstone escarpment in south-east England. https://t.co/FU8nhvD3bd, Charity number: 1077055 Company limited by guarantee. In some places the clay vale is very narrow: for example at Oxted the gap between summits of the Greensand Ridge and the North Downs is less than 2 kilometres (1.2 mi). Extending for 108 miles, it starts in the west at Haslemere and ends in the east at Ham Street, Kent, on the edge of Romney Marsh. Greensand Ridge Walk, Ampthill: See 26 reviews, articles, and 16 photos of Greensand Ridge Walk, ranked No.5 on Tripadvisor among 13 attractions in Ampthill. Working closely with Ampthill Town Council, The Greensand Trust helps manage Ampthill Park and other sites around Ampthill. From there the land levels until it drops to the old sea-cliff line above Romney Marsh. Rushmere Country Park joins 2,061 green spaces across the country receiving international quality mark, the Green Flag Award, in a year when millions have seen the value of having great quality green spaces on their doorstep. A practice of treating the Greensand Ridge regularly as part of the Weald arose in geology when natural scientists, starting in the late 18th century, began to include it in their analysis of the geological history of the Wealden dome. Geology: Mostly Greensand, with mudstone on the bottom of the slopes.There are several pockets of glacial materials overlying the greensand. This stream, the River Lod, runs parallel to the larger River Rother which flows about 10 km further south in the lee of the chalk escarpment of the South Downs. Fuller's earth, which lies interbedded between the Bargate and Sandgate Layers, was much quarried for the cloth industry. Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge (NCA090): Countryside Stewardship statement of priorities Find out the features and issues that have been identified as priorities for funding in this area. With a toehold in both Buckinghamshire and Cambridgeshire, and stretching over 45km, the vast majority of this attractive landscape is in Bedfordshire and is home to distinctive habitats and wildlife. In many places along the escarpment of the Greensand Ridge erosion by wind and rain, landslips on the steep scarp face, and solifluction in glacial times have further combined to create steep-side coombes, and low hillocks below the scarp. Listen and you might hear the buzz of bees and hoverflies and the songs of woodland birds newly arriving from winters spent far to the south. We're on the hunt for Greensand Champions - groups or individual young people who are doing something amazing for the Greensand Country environment. Greensand Ridge Walk Pubs/Cafes. The Greensand Ridge Walk is a long-distance walk of 40 miles (64 km) that crosses Bedfordshire, with brief sections in Cambridgeshire and Buckinghamshire. Valley slope processes in the Vale of Fernhurst have resulted in escarpments to the north and south that are steep enough to have collapsed by land slipping. When fresh the rocks have a greenish colouration owing to the presence of glauconite, but on exposure to the atmosphere this is rapidly oxidised to limonite, giving rise to a yellow or reddish brown staining. The walk is an ideal introduction to the history, landscape and wildlife of this part of the county. The Greensand Ridge is one of the few places in Central England where thin, sandy soils support lowland heathland and acid grassland - distinctive landscapes which support specific wildlife and vegetation and need to be protected to thrive. The steep scarp slopes to the north of the Ridge contrast with the gently-folded slopes to the south. Much of the ridge in Surrey and Kent is followed by a long-distance walking route, the Greensand Way. The Weald dome consists of a series of geological strata laid down in the Cretaceous that have subsequently been lifted up, formed into a dome (i.e. We are now closed for new project applications. To the east, especially around Maidstone, Kent, the Hythe Beds yield a blue-grey sandstone with a high lime content. Differential fluvial erosion has virtually flattened the dome into a series of hills and vales. For everyone's safety dog walkers must abide by our on/off lead rules and pick up after their dog. Ironstone, from layers embedded in the Sandgate Beds, is often seen in chips (gallets) pressed into the mortar between such stones. Here there are stunning views to the south of the Weald from a terrace donated in 1898 by Octavia Hill, one of the founders of the National Trust. [7] Further east, the Lower Greensand has not produced any pronounced topographical features. A great place to discover nature and enjoy the outdoors with over 400 acres of woodland, heathland and meadows to enjoy - a fabulous site for walking, cycling, horse riding and wildlife with café, visitor centre and events. Limited parking available at Stockgrove entrance. Don’t worry, you don’t have to do the whole route at once. On the surface the strata of which the dome is composed crop out in a series of concentric circles, shaped like a horseshoe, with the more resistant chalk and sandstones forming hills and ridges (such as the North and South Downs, the Greensand Ridge, and the High Weald), and the weaker clays forming vales (such as the Low Weald) between them. The cafe is currently CLOSED - but we do have hatches at both entrances offering a takeaway service with social distancing queuing in place. The Greensand Ridge Walk is Bedfordshire's premier long distance walk. [8] Local people regarded the hills of the Greensand Ridge as overlooking the Weald, rather than forming a part of it, and hence a distinction came to be made between the settlements on the Greensand Ridge, such as Sevenoaks, Sundridge Upland and Boughton Malherbe Upland, and those formed during the later medieval colonisation of the Wealden portion of these parishes, called today Sevenoaks Weald, Sundridge Weald and Boughton Malherbe Weald.[9]. The route spans the county for a total of 40 miles, following the greensand ridge. About 51 per cent of the Wealden Greensand is protected as the South Downs National Park, Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.[2]. On the south side of the Weald the Lower Greensand also forms another arc of rather less pronounced hills parallel to and just north of the South Downs, which become less prominent the further east one goes. It starts near the county boundary with Buckinghamshire at Leighton Buzzard, passes through Woburn, Ampthill and Sandy, before finishing at Gamlingay on the Bedfordshire-Cambridgeshire border. The walk is an ideal introduction to the history, landscape and wildlife of this part of the county. The Greensand Ridge Nature Improvement Area. For these peoples the term Weald did not include the land cleared of forest and settled earlier, such as the fertile Vale of Holmesdale (which separates the North Downs from the Greensand Ridge), nor the more lightly wooded and open hills found on the sandstones of the Greensand Ridge, which also seem to have been settled earlier. The Greensand Ridge, capped by the resistant sands and sandstones of the Hythe Beds, reinforced by bands of chert, rises steeply as a series of high, wooded escarpments between Gibbet Hill, Hindhead (272 metres (892 ft)), north of Haslemere, and the ridge's highest point, Leith Hill (294 metres (965 ft)). The well-wooded, mature and attractive landscape contains a number of places to visit such as Rushmere Country Park in Heath and Reach to the west, the RSPB's nature reserve at The Lodge near Sandy and the popular Greensand Ridge Walk running the entire distance. On the fertile soils we see chestnut and stands of hazel and oak, while Scots Pine and Birch colonise the poorer soils.[6]. Excellent. Wander into one of the Greensand Ridge's ancient woodlands in late April and you'll encounter drifts of bluebells. The Greensand Ridge, formed of Lower Greensand, much of which is sandstone and where hardest is locally termed Bargate stone, is a remnant of the Weald dome, part of the great Weald-Artois Anticline that runs from south-east England into northern France. Geology still confuses by using interchangeably the Weald and the "Wealden Anticline" that embraces all the land bounded by the chalk escarpments of the North and South Downs, including the Greensand hills. The Folkestone Beds consist of seams of pebbles and sand. A good walk: Greensand Ridge, Bedfordshire The ridge that looks down on Bedford is only a couple of hundred feet high, but in this low-lying country it dominates. Ideal for families all year round, an access for all path starting from outside the Visitor Centre - find fairy doors, wooden sculptures and have a photo taken in the Giant’s Chair! RT @bedsrcc: We know it's a worrying time right now. This stretch of the Greensand has become the most closely identified with the term "Greensand Ridge", and it includes the second highest point in south-east England, Leith Hill in Surrey. Settlements on the main part of the ridge, running from Surrey into Kent include Haslemere, Godalming, Reigate and Redhill, Oxted and Sevenoaks. Find your way around Rushmere Country Park's 400 acres of stunning woodland, heathland and meadows for all ages to enjoy. Resources are now running low and little is now extracted.[10]. At just over 27,300 hectares, the Greensand Ridge is an “island” of sandstone in surrounding clay vales, covering a significant part of Central Bedfordshire, along with small sections of Buckinghamshire and Cambridgeshire. This forest, difficult to penetrate and settle, and difficult to exploit agriculturally, in due course became an essential part of a system of transhumance whereby each autumn swine would be driven, sometimes over long distances, from the longer-settled areas on the periphery into the Wealden forest to feed on acorns of oak trees and beech mast. In the area around Haslemere local anticlinal features are superimposed on the main axis of the Wealden anticline, causing the outcrop of resistant Hythe Beds to widen from 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) to more than 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) and to produce an escarpment that is particularly marked between Haslemere and Midhurst, where Blackdown rises to 280 metres (920 ft), the highest point in Sussex. What is the Greensand Ridge? South of here the Vale of Fernhurst has been eroded down into the Low Weald by what is now a small stream following a line of a gentle west-east trending upfold. It is from here that the stone known as chert is found, familiar in the High Chart hills around Limpsfield, Surrey. The Greensand Ridge is a 40-mile walk that takes you through Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Cambridgeshire – and yes it really is green (ish) – thanks to an iron mineral found in the sandstone layers that form the ridge. Defined by the Greensand Ridge, Greensand Country is an island of distinctive, beautiful and loved countryside stretching from Leighton Buzzard to Gamlingay, which rises out of the surrounding clay vales. With a toehold in both Buckinghamshire and Cambridgeshire, and stretching over 45 km, the “ “ Greensand Ridge Bedfordshire Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}51°10′N 0°22′W / 51.167°N 0.367°W / 51.167; -0.367. It reaches its highest elevation, 294 metres (965 ft), at Leith Hill in Surrey—the second highest point in south-east England, while another hill in its range, Blackdown, is the highest poin… All along the shallow valleys springs feed streams which carry acidic water down to the valley of the River Flit which meanders through Flitwick Moor, a unique peatland of national significance. It's name may have something to do with the local quarry stone which the building is mostly constructed from. The Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge National Character Area (NCA) is a narrow ridge running north-east, south-west, rising out of – and entirely surrounded by – the Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire Claylands NCA.It is a distinctive ridge with a north-west-facing scarp slope, formed by the underlying sandstone geology which has shaped the landscape and industry of the Ridge. In 2009, the Greensand Ridge Local Action Group was formed to help enhance and develop the Greensand Ridge area. Central Bedfordshire Landscape Character Assessment LUC 2015 6A Woburn Greensand Ridge Location and boundaries 6A.1 This large scale, rolling, elevated landscape occurs north of Leighton Buzzard predominantly over the solid band of Lower Greensand and with a distinctive ridge … Not to be confused with the Greensand Ridge in Surrey, Kent and Sussex, the Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge is an escarpment that runs through Cambridgeshire, Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire. Forming part of the Weald, a former dense forest in Sussex, Surrey and Kent, it runs to and from the East Sussex coast, wrapping around the High Weald and Low Weald. [5], The soil of the Greensand is quite varied, ranging from fertile to fairly sterile. Joint Character Area: Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge (partially also Bedfordshire & Cambridgeshire Claylands). Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge is an escarpment which runs through Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, and Cambridgeshire in the south and east of England.A pathway runs along the ridge from Leighton Buzzard to Gamlingay. Main entrance located in Linslade Road, Heath and Reach, Beds LU7 0EB. The route spans the county for a total of 40 miles, following the greensand ridge. The Greensand Ridge is a distinctive “island” of significantly wooded sands and sandstone that rises prominently above the surrounding clay vales. [3] It also contains important subsidiary elements of silty and argillaceous material.

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